1. How COVID-19 is affecting the globe

One week after exceeding the 15 million mark, the number of confirmed COVID-19 cases around the world has now passed another milestone, reaching 17 million according to the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. The death toll now stands at over 667,000.

Brazil has set a daily record of 69,074 new confirmed cases and 1,595 additional deaths, pushing the country past 2.5 million infections and 90,000 dead. Brazil is second behind the US in terms of COVID-19 death toll and case count.

The harrowing effects of COVID-19 in the developing world were laid bare when procurement issues contributed to seven babies being stillborn at a hospital in Zimbabwe on a single night. The BBC reports one doctor saying surgical intervention was delayed by a lack of staff, who are on strike because of a lack of personal protective equipment.

France has seen its highest number of daily infections in a month, with 1,392 cases detected on Wednesday.

The Australian state of Victoria has recorded its worst death toll and confirmed infection statistics, as it struggles to prevent the virus spiralling out of control. Its 13 new deaths and 723 new cases on Thursday represent a 36% rise since Monday, the previous daily record.

In the US, one person died every minute on Wednesday from COVID-19, according to data compiled by Reuters. Deaths are rising fast, increasing by 10,000 in the past 11 days.

Russia expects to give the green light to its first possible COVID-19 vaccine in early August, according to Reuters. Frontline healthcare workers are the likely first recipients.

2. WHO official: Herd immunity is not a strategy for success

Simply waiting for herd immunity to set in is not an option according to one expert.

Speaking during a video interview Dr Mike Ryan, Executive Director of the WHO’s Health Emergencies Programme, warned it would lead to many more deaths.

Herd immunity is the point at which a disease cannot take hold and spread dangerously because enough people within a given population are immune to it.

That only happens once the number of immune people reaches a particular level within the wider population. In the case of measles, around 95% of people need to be immune to achieve herd immunity, according to Gavi, the Vaccine Alliance.

For COVID-19 that proportion is believed to be somewhere between 60% and 80%. “Whatever that number is, we’re nowhere near it,” Dr Ryan said.

Allowing the coronavirus to spread unhindered in pursuit of herd immunity would mean that “hospitals get overwhelmed” and “a lot of people die,” he warned.

Speaking in the same interview, Dr Maria Van Kerkhove, infectious disease epidemiologist with the WHO, emphasised the importance of everyone helping to contain the spread of COVID-19.

“It’s a combination of factors that we need – physical distancing alone doesn’t work, masks alone don’t work; all of these measures need to be used at once,” she said.

How Close Is The World To A Coronavirus Vaccine?

3. UN chief outlines path to sustainable, inclusive recovery in Southeast Asia

UN Secretary-General António Guterres has called on countries across Southeast Asia to tackle inequality and make sustainability a priority for the post-pandemic recovery.

“As in other parts of the world, the health, economic and political impact of COVID-19 has been significant across Southeast Asia – hitting the most vulnerable the hardest,” he said.

The region’s first priority should be to address inequalities of income, and access to health and social care, he said, whilst calling for short-term stimulus packages and longer-term policy changes.

“The pandemic has highlighted deep inequalities, shortfalls in governance and the imperative for a sustainable development pathway. And it has revealed new challenges, including to peace and security,” he continued.

Other priority areas for progress, according to the Secretary-General are digital inclusion and environmentally friendly energy initiatives. According to the International Energy Agency, “Southeast Asia has considerable potential for renewable energy, but (excluding the traditional use of solid biomass) it currently meets only around 15% of the region’s energy demand.”

But one of the chief areas of concern for the region should be physical security, the reduction of armed conflict and the protection of human rights, Guterres said.

“All governments in the subregion have supported my appeal for a global ceasefire – and I count on all countries in Southeast Asia to translate that commitment into meaningful change on the ground,” he added.

“Central to these efforts is the need to advance gender equality, address upsurges in gender-based violence, and target women in all aspects of economic recovery and stimulus plans.”

Source: WE FORUM

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